FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU (Studi Pada Anak Usia 5-14 Tahun Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tlogosari Kulon)

WAHIDAH, LATIFATUL, A2A215046 (2017) FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PARU (Studi Pada Anak Usia 5-14 Tahun Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tlogosari Kulon). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kejadian tuberkulosis paru pada anak cenderung meningkat. Organ tubuh manusia yang paling dominan terserang kuman tuberkulosis ialah daerah paru, namun dapat juga menyerang organ lainnya . Sumber penularan TB terdapat pada penderita TB BTA (Bakteri Tahan Asam) positif pada dewasa, sehingga peneliti meneliti faktor risiko, karakteristik, dan perilaku pencegahan dengan kejadian TB paru anak. Tujuan: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan kontak TB langsung, tanda scar, paparan rokok, status ekonomi dan perilaku pencegahan dengan kejadian TB paru pada anak usia 5-14 tahun di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tlogosai Kulon. Metode: Jenis penelitian Observasional analitik dengan pendekatan Case Control. Sampel penelitian adalah 19 anak penderita TB Paru dan 19 anak bukan penderita TB Paru di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tlogosari Kulon. Variabel independent adalah kontak TB langsung, tanda scar, paparan rokok, status ekonomi, dan perilaku pencegahan untuk variabel dependent adalah kejadian TB paru anak. Uji statistic menggunakan uji Chi Square Hasil: sebanyak 39% responden terdapat kontak langsung dengan nilai p- 0,008 dan OR=9,143, sebanyak 15,8% responden terdapat tanda Scar dengan nilai p- 0,660 dan OR=0,441, sebanyak 89.5% responden terpapar rokok dengan nilai p-1,000 dan OR=1,000, 84,2% pendapatan orang tua responden kurang dari UMR dengan nilai p-1,000 dan OR=1,000 dan sebanyak 52,6% responden memiliki perilaku kurang baik dengan nilai p-0,023 dan OR=6,067. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara kontak TB langsung dan perilaku pencegahan dengan kejadian TB paru anak serta merupakan faktor risiko. Kata kunci : Kontak TB langsung, Tanda Scar, Paparan Rokok, Status Ekonomi, Perilaku Pencegahan Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis in children tends to increase. Human organ which is very dominant to be attacked by TB germs is the zone of a lung, but it might attack other organs. The source of tuberculosis transmission lies in positive acid resistance in mycobacteria tuberculosis on adults; therefore the researcher examines the risk factors, characteristics, and preventive behavior with pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Objective: This research is to find the direct tuberculosis contact, scar marks, cigarette exposure, economic status, and preventive behavior with pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in children aged 5-14 years old in working area of Primary Health Care of Tlogo Sari Kulon. Method: The type of research was analytic observational with case control approach. The sample of research was 19 children who infected pulmonary tuberculosis and 19 children who are not infected pulmonary tuberculosis in working area Primary Health Care of Tlogo Sari Kulon. The independent variables were direct tuberculosis contact, scar marks, cigarette exposure, economic status, and preventive behavior while the dependent variable was pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The statistical test used Chi Square test. Result: 39% respondents had direct contact with the p- value 0.660 and OR=9.143. 15.8% had scar marks with p- value 0.006 and OR=0.441. 89.5% respondents were exposed to cigarette with p- value 1000. 84.2% income of respondents' parent is less than minimum standard salary with p- value 1000 and OR= 1.000 and 52.6% had unfavorable treatment with value p-0.023 and OR=6.067. Conclusion: There was significant corelation between direct tuberculosis contact and preventive behavior with pulmonary tuberculosis in children and the risk factors. Keywords: Tuberculosis Direct Contact, Scar Marks, Cigarette Exposure, Economic Status, Preventive behavior

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Call Number: 066/S1FKM/XII/2017
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > S1 Public Health
Depositing User: perpus unimus
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2017 08:25
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 04:01
URI: http://repository.unimus.ac.id/id/eprint/1049

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