HUBUNGAN KUALITAS FISIK AIR DAN PERSONAL HYGIENE DENGAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK ALERGI(Studi pada Masyarakat Tambak Rejo, Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang)

Kristanti, Liani, A2A013007 (2017) HUBUNGAN KUALITAS FISIK AIR DAN PERSONAL HYGIENE DENGAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK ALERGI(Studi pada Masyarakat Tambak Rejo, Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Dermatitis Kontak Alergi adalah kelainan kulit yang terjadi pada seseorang yang mengalami sensitifitas terhadap bahan – bahan yang memiliki sifat alergen. Faktor penyebab timbulnya penyakit dermatitis, antara lain dari luar misalnya bahan kimia (contoh: detergen, asam, basa, oli, semen), fisik (contoh: sinar, suhu), mikroorganisme (contoh: bakteri, jamur), Umur, jenis kelamin, pekerjaan, status perkawinan, sumber air, tempat tinggal dan waktu kejadian merupakan bagian dari faktor resiko/penyebab yang dapat menjadi faktor pendukung seseorang mudah untuk terinfeksi penyakit kulit dermatitis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kualitas fisik air dan personal hygiene dengan kejadian dermatitis kontak alergi pada masyarakat Tambak Rejo Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang. Metode : Jenis penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini 207 KK dengan sampel 89 KK. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini kualitas fisik air dan personal hygiene, sedangkan variabel terikat Kejadian Dermatitis Kontak Alergi. Hasil : kejadian dermatitis kontak alergi 39 (43,8%) dari 89 responden, kualitas fisik air berwarna 2 (2,2%), bau 44 (49,4%), kekeruhan kadar maksimum lebih dari 25 NTU 38 (42,7%), personal hygiene baik 19 (21,3%), cukup 27 (30,3%), kurang 43 (48,3%) dari 89 responden . Hasil uji satistik Chi-Square hubungan kualitas fisik air warna (p = 1,000), bau (p = 0,739) dan kekeruhan (p = 0,353), sedangkan hubungan personal hygiene dengan kejadian dermatitis kontak alergi (p=0,000), Simpulan : Tidak ada hubungan kualitas fisik air (warna, bau, kekeruhan) dengan kejadian dermatitis kontak alergi. Ada hubungan personal hygiene dengan kejadian dermatitis kontak alergi. Kata Kunci : kualitas fisik air, personal hygiene, dermatitis kontak alergi. Background : Allergic Contact Dermatitis are skin disorders that occur in a person who experiences sensitivity to materials having allergen properties. Factors that cause dermatitis diseases, among others from outside for example chemicals (eg detergent, acid, base, oil, cement), physical (eg light, temperature), microorganisms (eg bacteria, fungi), age, Occupation, marital status, water source, residence and time of occurrence are part of risk factors / causes which can be a supporting factor of a person easily infected with dermatitis skin diseases. This study aims to determine the relationship between the physical quality of water and hygiene personality with the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis in the community Tambak Rejo Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang. Method: Type of observational analytic study with cross sectional approach. The population in this study was 207 KK with sample 89 KK. The independent variables in this study were physical water quality and hygiene personality, where as the dependent variable of Allergic Contact Dermatitis Occurrence. Results: incidence of allergic contact dermatitis 39 (43.8%) of 89 respondents, physical quality of colored water 2 (2.2%), odor 44 (49.4%), turbidity maxsimum rate more than 25 NTU 38 (42.7%), hygiene personality good 19 (21,3%), enough 27 (30,3%), less 43 (48,3%) from 89 respondents. Chi-Square test results of physical quality relationship of color water (p = 1,000), odor (p = 0,739) and turbidity (p = 0,353), while hygiene personal relationship with allergic contact dermatitis case (p = 0,000), Conclusion: None The physical quality relationship of water (color, odor, turbidity) with the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis. There is a personal hygiene relationship with the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis. Keyword : physical quality of water, hygiene personality, Contact Dermatitis Allergic

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Call Number: 086/S1FKM/I/2018
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > S1 Public Health
Depositing User: perpus unimus
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 01:40
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 02:50
URI: http://repository.unimus.ac.id/id/eprint/1050

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