PERBEDAAN HASIL Anti-HBs MENGGUNAKAN METODE RAPID TEST dan ELISA

Amrullah, Muhammad Rizalul Fahmi, G1C216155 (2017) PERBEDAAN HASIL Anti-HBs MENGGUNAKAN METODE RAPID TEST dan ELISA. Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

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Abstract

Hepatitis B adalah virus penyebab penyakit hepatitis yang merupakan suatu kelainan berupa peradangan organ hati yang dapat disebabkan oleh banyak hal, antara lain infeksi virus, gangguan metabolisme, obat-obatan, alkohol, maupun parasi. Anti-HBs merupakan antibodi terhadap HBsAg yang timbul akibat pemberian vaksin hepatitis B. Pemeriksaan Anti-HBs dapat menggunakan metode Rapid test dan ELISA. Berdasarkan hal tersebut dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui apakah masih terdapat anti-HBs terhadap responden yang telah melakukan vaksin hepatitis B. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian analitik, dengan sampel serum dari 14 responden yang diperiksa anti-HBs dengan metode Rapid tets dan ELISA. Hasil penelitian menunjukan hasil anti-HBs menggunakan metode Rapid test menunjukan hasil positif sebesar 42,8% sedangkan negatif 57,2%, hasil anti-HBs menggunakan metode Rapid test menunjukan hasil positif sebesar 42,8% sampel sedangkan negatif sebesar 57,2%. Data dianalisis dengan uji statistik chy suare, nilai p-value yang didapat sebesar 0,648 sehinggan lebih besar dari taraf kemaknaan 0,05, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada pemeriksaan anti-HBs menggunakan metode Rapid test dan ELISA. Kata Kunci : Anti-HBs, Rapid test, ELISA Hepatitis B is a hepatitis-causing virus that is a liver inflammation of the liver that can be caused by many things, including viral infections, metabolic disorders, drugs, alcohol, or parasi. Anti-HBs are antibodies to HBsAg arising from hepatitis B vaccine. Anti-HBs can use Rapid test and ELISA methods. Based on this research is done to find out whether there are anti-HBs against respondents who have done hepatitis B vaccine. The type of research conducted is analytic research, with serum samples from 14 respondents who examined anti-HBs by Rapid tets method and ELISA. The results showed the results of anti-HBs using Rapid test method showed a positive result of 42.8% while negative 57.2%, the results of anti-HBs using Rapid test method showed a positive result of 42.8% sample while negative by 57.2% . Data were analyzed by chy suare statistic test, p-value value was 0.648 higher than significance level of 0.05, it can be concluded that there is no significant difference on anti-HBs examination using Rapid test and ELISA method Keywords : Anti-HBs, Rapid test, ELISA

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Contributors Thesis: 089/D4Ana/XII/2017
Subjects: R Medicine > Health Analyst
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Health > D4 Health Analyst
Depositing User: perpus unimus
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2017 07:24
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2018 06:31
URI: http://repository.unimus.ac.id/id/eprint/1215

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