HUBUNGAN PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN ISPA DAN LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA(Studi Kasus Pada Balita di Desa Karangmanggis)

Purwanti , Enik, A2A215002 (2017) HUBUNGAN PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN ISPA DAN LINGKUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA(Studi Kasus Pada Balita di Desa Karangmanggis). Undergraduate thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

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Abstract

Latar Belakang : Kasus ISPA masih menjadi masalah kesehatan di Indonesua. Terdapat banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kejadian ISPA pada balita. Faktor tersebut meliputi perilaku pencegahan ISPA, kondisi hygiene sanitasi lingkungan, kondisi fisik rumah seperti ventilasi, pencahayaan, lubang asap dan sebagainya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan perilaku pencegahan ISPA dan lingkungan dengan kejadian ISPA di Desa Karangmanggis wilayah kerja Puskesmas Boja Kabupaten Kendal. Metode Penelitian : Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan rancangan discriptive correlation serta melalui pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah ibu yang memiliki balita di Desa Karangmanggis wilayah kerja Puskesmas Boja sebanyak 64 responden. Variabel bebas penelitian ini meliputi perilaku pencegahan, ventilasi, genteng kaca dan lubang asap, sementara variabel terikat adalah kejadian ISPA. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah Chi square. Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku pencegahan ISPA yang kurang baik sebanyak 10,9%. Ventilasi udara dalam kategori kurang baik sebanyak 18,8%. Rumah responden yang tidak ada genteng kaca sebanyak 15,6%. Rumah responden yang tidak memiliki lubang asap sebanyak 25,0%. Anak responden yang mengalami ISPA dalam tiga bulan terakhir sebanyak 20,3%. Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara perilaku pencegahan ISPA dengan kejadian ISPA dengan p value sebesar 0,000. Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara ventilasi udara dengan kejadian ISPA dengan p value sebesar 0,000. Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara genteng kaca dengan kejadian ISPA dengan p value sebesar 0,000. Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara lubang asap dengan kejadian ISPA dengan p value sebesar 0,000. Kesimpulan : Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara perilaku pencegahan, ventilasi, genteng kaca dan lubang asap dengan kejadian ISPA pada balita. Kata Kunci : Perilaku pencegahan, ventilasi, genteng kaca, lubang asap, kejadian ISPA Abstract Background: Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) incidence still becomes a health problem in Indonesia. Many factors can influence the incidence of this disease in under-five children. These factors include ARI preventive behavior, environmental sanitation hygiene conditions, physical house conditions such as ventilation, lighting, smoke holes and so on. This study aims to find out the relationship between the preventive behavior of URI and environment with Respiratory Tract Infection incidence in Karangmanggis Village working area of Primary Health Care of Kendal Regency. Method: This type of research was quantitative with the descriptive correlation design and through cross sectional approach. The population of this research is mothers who have under-five children in Karangmanggis village working area of Primary Health Care that counted 64 respondents. The independent variables of this study included prevention behavior, ventilation, glass tile and smoke hole, while the dependent variable was Acute Respiratory Infection incidence. Data analysis technique used was Chi square. Results: The results showed that the poor prevention of Acute Respiratory Infection was 10.9%. The bad air ventilation was 18,8%. Respondents' house which did not have glass roof tiles was 15.6%. Respondents' house which did not have smoke hole was 25.0%. Respondents' under-five children who infected with Acute Respiratory Infection in the last three months were 20.3%. There was a significant correlation between the behavior of ARI prevention with ARI incidence with p value of 0.000. There was a significant relationship between air ventilation and ARI incidence with p value of 0.000. There was a significant relationship between the glass roof tiles and ARI incidence with p value of 0.000. There was a significant relationship between the smoke holes and ARI incidence with p value of 0.000. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship among preventive behavior, ventilation, glass roof tile and smoke hole with ARI incidence in under-five children. Keywords: Preventive behavior, ventilation, glass roof tile, smoke hole, ARI incidence

Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
Call Number: 100/S1FKM/I/2018
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Public Health > S1 Public Health
Depositing User: perpus unimus
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2017 02:37
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 01:55
URI: http://repository.unimus.ac.id/id/eprint/1032

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